Your Puppy's Behavior
Even the cutest, sweetest puppy can bite if provoked. Unwisely, some owners actually promote aggression as a symbol of power in their dogs. Even the smallest dog bite is a problem. On average about 1 dozen people die each year from dog bites. High on the list of dog bite victims are children and mail carriers.

When picking out your pet, make sure you know as much information as you can learn about the breed you are choosing. It is also good to know the puppy’s parents as his or her temperament will be usually be similar to theirs. When your puppy is young, make sure you are getting him or her socialized with other people and pets. Try new situations slowly and frequently as your puppy gets older.
Top 5 Do's:
  1. Enroll in a puppy training program
  2. Give your puppy plenty of exercise
  3. Socialize your puppy with other puppies
  4. Set play time rules including ending a session if your puppy becomes unruly, and always be consistent with the play time rules.
  5. Provide proper chew toys but only one or two at a time

Top 5 Dont's:
  • Tease your puppy
  • Allow your puppy to chase people
  • Hit your puppy
  • Permit your puppy to initiate or grab a toy without invitation
  • Give positive attention when your puppy mouths you
*There isn’t one solution that will work with every individual. It’s up to you to find out what is the most effective solution for you and your puppy.*
Housebreaking Tips
  1. Scheduling:
    Put your dog on a consistent schedule of feeding and exercise. Puppies usually need to eliminate shortly after each meal. They also like to go out as soon as they wake up in the morning, after play sessions, after naps, and last thing at night, so make sure to get them outside at those times. A puppy will usually have to defecate as many times as number of meals it eats per day (one that eats twice a day will likely poop twice a day).

    Proper Diet: Be consistent with his food. Feed scheduled meals of a reputable puppy food. Table scraps can thwart your housebreaking efforts. Do not give milk as it causes some puppies to get diarrhea.

  2. Praise and Reprimand:
    Be sure to praise your puppy when he or she urinates or defecates outside. Make sure you are always going outside with your puppy so that you can give the praise outside. Also wait until the puppy completely finishes going before you start praising. If you reward them too soon and they may get excited and stop going, causing them to come inside and have an accident. If you reward them once they come inside they may associate the reward with the act of coming back inside instead of associating it with the act of pooping or peeing outside.

    When a puppy has an accident indoors, you must catch them in the act of eliminating in order to correct them. Then firmly scold “No” and immediately take him or her outside to where you’d like him to go. Do not drag, yell or hit while taking your puppy outside after the accident.

  3. Proper Confinement:
    Do not give your puppy the run of the house. If you can’t see your puppy, chances are he or she is doing something they shouldn’t. Confine your puppy to one room or a kennel when you are not able to keep a close eye on them. Avoid closing doors on a puppy. Instead, use a baby gate to confine him or her to one room. Do not just tie your puppy up somewhere in the house and leave them. If you want your puppy to stay with you in the house but aren’t able to keep a close eye on him or her, try getting a long leash or rope and tie one end around you and the other to your puppy’s collar. By doing so your puppy is tethered to you and less likely to cause much trouble.

  4. Helpful Hints:

    Does puppy have accidents in the middle of the night?
    Perhaps you are feeding too much too late. Try removing the water bowl during the night.

    Accidents after coming in from outdoors?
    Go out with your puppy, be sure he or she is going potty, not just playing. Wait until he or she is done going before praising.

    Accidents in the same spot?
    Be sure to thoroughly clean the area with a product specifically formulated for urine and feces to remove the odor.
Kennel Training
There are many advantages to kennel training your puppy. For instance, housebreaking is accomplished much faster with less hassle for you and your puppy. Generally puppies do not want to mess in the area in where they eat and sleep. If you follow the general guidelines of housebreaking, your puppy could be housebroken within a week or less, with minimal accidents. If you are a working pet owner, the job of housebreaking your puppy is more difficult, however, not impossible. It will take longer to accomplish housebreaking as young puppies may not be able to hold their bladder and bowels for extended periods of time. One advantage of the kennel in this situation is the fact that all you have to clean up is the kennel instead of the entire kitchen floor. Also, your furnishings, woodwork and belongings are still in one piece! The kennel provides a safe and secure area for your puppy, away from household hazards. You can leave home relaxed, knowing your puppy is safe and so are your possessions.

When purchasing a kennel for your puppy, select one that will accommodate your puppy’s adult height and weight. Make sure to choose one that your dog will be able to stand up, lay down, and turn around comfortably in when full grown. If your puppy is a larger breed this kennel may seem too large for him or her when she is young. It is often helpful to section off a smaller space in the kennel with a divider or box so that your puppy will not have enough room to urinate and defecate at one end of the kennel and sleep at the other.

When training a new puppy to “kennel”, you may want to line the bottom of the kennel with newspapers until he or she is house broken. However, it is nice to place a towel or small blanket in the kennel for the puppy to sleep on. If puppy shreds the towel or blanket, remove it until he learns that chewing his bedding is unacceptable. To prevent boredom and blanket chewing, provide the puppy with appropriate toys. A Kong or similar toy that you can stuff with food or treats will help entertain your pup while he or she is kenneled.

Find a location in your home where the kennel is out of the way, yet not totally secluded from household activities. Never use the kennel as punishment. Do not banish the puppy to the kennel for improper behavior. The kennel should always be associated with happy, comfortable, secure feelings for the puppy. Once you put the puppy in the kennel, do not take him out if he starts to whine and cry. Eventually, he or she will lie down and sleep. By taking the pup out of the kennel for whining you are rewarding that behavior and it is likely to continue. As your puppy grows older, the kennel will become a private retreat that your dog will enjoy.
Suggested Training Techniques

When teaching a puppy not to mouth, consistency and split-second timing from the handler are essential.

  • Verbal Correction: For the milder tempered puppy often a firm “uh-uh” may be enough to discourage the mouthing.
  • Ouch: Let out a sharp cry of pain every time your puppy’s teeth come in contact with your skin before it becomes painful. This will startle the puppy and make him back off. A high pitch yip is how the puppy’s littermates would tell the puppy it was too hard.
  • The Cold Shoulder: Turn away and ignore instead of giving them the social contact they are asking for.
Kids and Strange Dogs
It is important to always be careful around strange dogs. Children must be taught NOT to approach strange dogs but instead ask permission from the owner before petting the dog. Don’t run past a strange dog. You don’t want to give them a reason to become aggressive. Never disturb a dog that’s caring for puppies, sleeping or eating. If a dog approaches to sniff you, stay still. If the dog does not think you are a threat, it will go away. If a dog threatens you, stay calm. Don’t scream. Try to avoid eye contact, and stay still until the dog leaves. If you are knocked down or fall, curl up in a ball and put your hands over your head and protect your face.