What should you expect from your goose?

Geese spend a large portion of their day swimming and foraging for food. The common groups of domestic geese include Grey Geese, White Geese, and Black Geese. Their life span is approximately 10-26 years in captivity. They are a monogamous species with some individuals being aggressive.

What should my goose eat?

Geese are herbivores and eat mainly vegetables and plants by grazing. Geese should have access to large areas of grasses and clover and short herbs. If natural grasses are not enough, supplementation with pellets (waterfowl or poultry layer), dark leafy green vegetables, and wheat should be offered. Feeding stations should be scattered to promote natural foraging. One feeder per pair is needed. Grit should be available. All geese should have access to additional fresh water that is changed daily.

Please do not feed your geese bread, chocolate, seeds, nuts, or foods high in fat, sugar, or salt.

How should geese be housed?

Geese should be housed in groups or pairs in a clean, dry, warm area with access to a pond and within a safe area to roam (i.e. pen or fenced yard). The enclosure should be about 360 square yards minimum per pair of birds. The enclosure must be secure to keep predators and other wild birds out. A pond, or water for swimming, should be present at all times and easily accessible (a ramp may be needed for access). Water should be kept clean and should be approximately a 20% water-to-land ratio. If access to erected plant cover is minimal, they should also be provided a shelter that is insulated as well as water-proofed and wind-proofed, but still allows adequate ventilation to prevent disease. Materials such as leaf litter, peat, fresh straw, or piles of rocks/logs should be available for nesting. In areas of sun, a source of shade should be provided. In cases of extreme weather the geese may need to be moved inside. Supplemental heat sources may be needed to provide additional heat in areas of cold weather.

Geese can be housed with ducks as well.

Does my goose need vaccines?

Vaccines are not essential, but vaccination recommendations will vary depending on the area of the country (and world) where the geese reside. Vaccines will depend on risk and what diseases are present in the wild goose population in your area. In some areas it is recommended to vaccinate for goose viral hepatitis 1, hemorrhagic nephritis and enteritis of geese, Newcastle disease, avian influenza, or West Nile virus.

For more information visit: Association of Avian Veterinarians